Crystal Clear: Middle-ear implants

Special Middle-Ear Implants Improve Hearing Also Over The Long Term 

Study by Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences in Krems finds lasting improvement in word recognition among patients with middle-ear implants in the part of the ear known as the round window.

Krems, 17th December 2020 – Middle-ear implants that stimulate auditory nerves via the round window can improve hearing for many years. In most cases, these electronic hearing aids can be implanted and used without any problems. Complications are limited to patients who have previously had benign tumours removed from their middle ear. These are the recently published findings of a study of 46 individuals carried out at Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences in Krems (KL Krems). The study considered periods of as much as six years after implantation, making it one of the first long-term investigations of the effectiveness of these specialised middle-ear implants.

Middle-ear implants are often a simple but effective means of improving people’s hearing. Alongside other technologies, a device called a Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) has proved its worth. This technology converts sound waves into mechanical vibrations which are then passed on to the auditory structures in the middle ear. This process can stimulate different parts of the middle ear. A method adopted in the past few years is based on connecting the VSB with the round window, which joins the inner and middle ear. Several studies have demonstrated the short-term benefits of the operation for patients, but until now, little data has been collected on the question of whether the method is also successful in the long run. A study by KL Krems has now filled this gap.

Improvement Lasts Several Years

The study looked at 46 patients who had a VSB that was implanted an average of just over 2.5 years previously – although in one case the individual had had the device for over six years. “Even after such lengths of time we were still able to measure a clear – and statistically highly significant – improvement in word recognition among the subjects,” says Univ.-Prof. Georg Mathias Sprinzl, head of the Ear, Nose and Throat Department at St. Pölten University Hospital – which is part of KL Krems – outlining the positive long-term effect of VSB implants in the middle ear. The study also found that the surgical procedure and implantation of a miniature device did not have an adverse impact on the patients’ residual hearing.

The implant is suitable for people who have problems with sound-wave transmission or suffer mixed hearing loss, but fitting it is a highly complex operation that requires not only high-end devices but also a surgeon with extensive experience and outstanding surgical skills. Prof. Sprinzl is an internationally recognised expert in this field, with more than 320 surgical VSB implants – more than half of them in the past six years alone – to his name. “This operation demands such a high degree of experience because the VSB can be connected with various structures in the middle ear,” he explains, referring to the challenge associated with this specialised treatment option. “At the same time, it opens up a huge range of possibilities so we can implant the device in a way that achieves the best possible result for each individual patient.” As shown by the results of the study, which has been published in The Laryngoscope, the procedure is particularly complex if a tumour (known as a cholesteatoma) has to be removed from the patient’s middle ear beforehand. All seven of the subjects who required multiple operations had suffered from the condition. 

The middle-ear implant works by transforming sound waves into vibrations. An audio processor fitted behind the ear picks up sounds in the form of sound waves and transmits them through the skin to the VSB implant in the middle ear. The VSB turns the waves into vibrations, replicating the natural hearing process. Then the mechanical vibrations stimulate the cochlea, which sends audio signals to the brain via auditory nerves, creating auditory perception.

According to the study, the average length of time for which these leading-edge technical products are worn – a substantial 13 hours a day, encompassing virtually the entire daytime – is an indicator of the benefits for patients who undergo the painstaking implantation. Like other such investigations, this study has again enabled KL Krems to highlight the importance for medical engineering of close collaboration between clinical and academic activities, which generates real improvements in patients’ quality of life.

Original Publication: Long?Term Stability and Safety of the Soundbridge Coupled to the Round Window. G. M. Sprinzl, P. Schoerg, S. Muck, M. Jesenko, S. Speiser, M. Ploder, S. H. Edlinger & A. Magele. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.29269

About the Vibrant Sound Bridge: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPbvTLnCe7I&feature=emb_logo

About Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences 

Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences (KL) is a pioneer for innovation in medical and health sciences education and research, and a catalyst for groundbreaking work which will benefit society at large. Research at KL focuses on niche fields in bridge disciplines such as molecular oncology and hematology, biomedical engineering, psychology and psychodynamics, as well as topics including water quality and related health issues. Study programmes include health sciences, human medicine, psychology, psychotherapy and counselling and have full European recognition. A network of university hospitals in St. Pölten, Krems, and Tulln provides students with quality-assured, research-led education; it. It enables them to do internationally- recognized top-class clinical and translational research that is recognised worldwide. Karl Landsteiner University received accreditation by the Agency for Quality Assurance and Accreditation Austria (AQ Austria) in 2013.

Scientific Contact
Prof. Georg Mathias Sprinzl
Clinical department of ear, nose and throat
University Hospital St.Pölten
Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences
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M +43 / 664 / 845 1510
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W http://www.stpoelten.lknoe.at 
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